How A lot Protein Ought to You Eat for Muscle Progress, Weight Loss, Endurance Efficiency Assist, or Throughout Being pregnant?

Lately, there was an increasing number of discuss in regards to the significance of protein. They’re now not simply the area of athletes who need to acquire muscle. We are able to discover meals marked “protein” virtually in every single place – in supermarkets, on the gymnasium and on the petrol station. However have you learnt how a lot protein you must eat to cowl your physique’s wants? There is no such thing as a one-size-fits-all worth that applies to everybody. It’s a bit extra difficult than that. However don’t fear, in in the present day’s article we’ll assist you determine what protein consumption is greatest for you, when to eat it, and which sources ought to positively not be lacking out of your food plan.

In our article you’ll examine protein consumption within the case of:

Why is protein necessary?

Earlier than we tackle particular portions and sources, it’s a good suggestion to start out by saying why they’re so necessary. Protein is among the important macronutrients that your physique wants with the intention to perform correctly. They’re the essential constructing blocks of not solely muscle tissues, but additionally different tissues within the physique similar to bones, pores and skin, tendons and ligaments. Nonetheless, they’re additionally concerned within the manufacturing of vitality inside cells, biochemical reactions within the physique, the switch of knowledge and vitamins, and your immune system couldn’t do with out them. The drawback, nevertheless, is that you don’t have any emergency shops within the physique to faucet into when wanted. And when the physique does attain into its shops, usually you lose muscle (muscle protein), which you don’t need to occur. It’s due to this fact necessary that you simply embrace them commonly in your food plan.

However don’t fear, we’ll enable you decide how a lot protein you must have in your plate on daily basis to maintain your physique working like clockwork. We’ll present you what the optimum quantity could be for a 100 kg strength-training athlete and the way a lot a 50 kg yogi ought to eat.

How a lot protein do you have to devour?

There is no such thing as a one magical worth that’s common and applies to all. Every particular person is particular person, with various wants, particularly attributable to variations in physique composition, physique weight, age, bodily exercise or targets. Due to this fact, on this article, we are going to assist you determine the very best protein consumption for you.

What’s the common suggestion for a fundamental protein consumption?

In line with common pointers, the minimal protein consumption is 0.8 g per kg/BW (physique weight). Nonetheless, this quantity may be enough for an individual with a sedentary way of life who doesn’t transfer a lot, doesn’t play sports activities and doesn’t need to drop some pounds or acquire muscle. Nonetheless, even for these with a sedentary way of life, it appears extra acceptable to devour 1 g of protein per kg/BW, which is 70 g of protein for a median 70 kg particular person. Nonetheless, in response to varied sources, it seems that even for people who find themselves fully sedentary, it will be optimum to extend their consumption. And lively folks have a better protein requirement. [1-5]

How a lot protein do you have to devour if you wish to acquire muscle?

Proteins in our physique bear fixed formation (anabolism) and breakdown (catabolism). That is how recycling and order is maintained. Inside muscle tissues, these processes are known as MPS (Muscle Protein Synthesis), which is the formation of muscle proteins, and MPB (Muscle Protein Breakdown), or the breakdown of muscle proteins. If we need to construct muscle mass, it’s essential that MPS dominates between these processes, and a enough protein consumption will assist with this. In any other case, there’s a threat of their breakdown, which is the nightmare of all energy coaching athletes.

In case you base on the essential suggestions supplemented with newer data, you’ll come to the conclusion that protein consumption needs to be within the vary of 1.4-2.2 g per kg/BW when gaining muscle. Relying on the extent of exercise (quantity, depth), it’s optimum to stay to a decrease or increased restrict of the desired vary. The extra lively you’re, the upper the consumption needs to be. Protein is the essential constructing block of muscle tissues and permits them to develop and get stronger, which is appreciated by those that commonly work out on the gymnasium. [1-5]

A variety of 1.4-2.2 g of protein per kg/BW in regard to sports activities diet could be optimum, for instance, for these concerned in crew sports activities similar to soccer, hockey, basketball, and so on. Additionally they have energy coaching as a part of their sports activities coaching, which is able to assist them to construct up their muscle tissues, agency up their our bodies, face up to competitors higher and customarily have improved leads to their sport.

It doesn’t matter if you happen to’re kicking a ball, capturing the puck at a objective or lifting weights, you gained’t go incorrect if you happen to persist with a median protein consumption of 2g per kg/BW.

What’s going to enable you acquire muscle safely? Uncover the rules of a food plan for muscle progress in our article 10 Dietary and Coaching Ideas for Most Muscle Progress.

How much protein should you eat if you want to gain muscle?

How a lot protein do you have to eat in case you are of regular weight and need to lose fats?

The next protein consumption can even assist with weight reduction. Your objective will probably be to get right into a caloric deficit, throughout which protein can assist shield muscle mass from being burned for vitality. This may permit your physique to primarily do away with fats. As well as, a enough protein consumption will assist maintain starvation and cravings in verify, and you’ll really feel extra satiated and glad after such meals. [6-9]

  • If you wish to drop some pounds however don’t train, you possibly can persist with a protein consumption of 1.2-1.8 g of protein per kg/BW.
  • In case you determine to start out exercising and you aren’t overweight, a spread of 1.6-2.4 g per kg/BW could be the proper alternative.

Some sources even point out that athletes who’ve extra strenuous energy coaching and are attempting to lose a low proportion of fats (e.g., athletes on a food plan) can shift their protein consumption to a spread of two.3-3.1 g of protein per kg of fat-free physique elements (our whole weight after subtracting the load of adipose tissue). [5]

  • Once more, you possibly can’t go incorrect with weight reduction if you happen to persist with an consumption of two g of protein per kg/BW.

You may be serious about these merchandise:

How a lot protein do you have to eat in case you are obese or overweight and need to drop some pounds?

Nonetheless, it’s totally different with weight reduction in people who find themselves obese or overweight, which is objectively attributable to an extreme quantity of adipose tissue. They don’t need to feed this unnecessarily, so it’s beneficial to depend on a protein consumption for an “supreme” weight, which needs to be at a BMI of 25. This most frequently corresponds to an consumption between 1.2-1.5 g per kg/BW. Our BMI calculator will enable you decide the values.

And if you happen to don’t need to fear about numbers, our article Tips on how to Lose Weight Rapidly With out Counting Energy can simplify your weight reduction.

How a lot protein do you have to eat if you wish to lose fats and acquire muscle on the similar time?

You will have heard that you must select whether or not you need to acquire muscle or drop some pounds. As a rule, that is the perfect and handiest state of affairs, however nothing is inconceivable. That is proven, for instance, by a research performed on feminine bikini health opponents of their pre-contest coaching. Out of 27 women who adhered to an approximate 23% caloric deficit and included each energy and cardio coaching 5 occasions per week, 6 of them managed to achieve a specific amount of muscle mass and lose fats on the similar time. Among the others have been capable of keep the muscle they constructed, which can also be thought of a hit. On this case, nevertheless, it was essential to have a exactly tailor-made food plan and coaching plan. Among the many non-controllable components, we will point out that genetics additionally performed a task of their eventual success. Their protein consumption ranged from 2.9-3.2 g per kg/BW. [32-33]

What we’re extra serious about, nevertheless, is weight reduction and muscle acquire in newcomers. The outcomes of a research performed on younger males whose BMI bordered on weight problems will assist us with this. They have been requested to train 6 occasions per week for 4 weeks (a mixture of cardio and energy coaching) and to take action they have been set a 40% calorie deficit.

  • Group 1, with a protein consumption of 1.2 g per kg/BW, maintained muscle mass and misplaced a median of three.5 kg of fats
  • Group 2, with a protein consumption of two.4 g/kg/BW (together with whey protein consumption after coaching), misplaced a median of 4.8 kg of fats and gained 1.2 kg of muscle

As we will see, it will likely be simpler for newcomers who’ve a better proportion of fats, and due to this begin at a better weight, to lose fats and acquire muscle on the similar time. Even on this case, the optimum protein consumption might be round 2 g per kg/BW.

If you’re attempting to drop some pounds, we are going to advise you what protein to decide on in our article Tips on how to Choose the Greatest Protein for Weight Loss?

How a lot protein do you have to eat in case you are an endurance athlete?

Endurance athletes, who practice a median of three occasions per week, want protein to restore their broken muscle tissues, which, nevertheless, just isn’t as nice as in energy athletes. As well as, endurance athletes don’t want as a lot to stimulate the formation of recent muscle fibres as energy athletes, the place the precedence is to extend energy and muscle quantity. For endurance athletes, extreme quantities of muscle could be extra of a nuisance. Muscle mass do devour vitality, however an endurance athlete requires them for efficiency.

  • Due to this fact, in case you are concerned in endurance sports activities and go for a run 2 occasions per week, you will get by with a median consumption of 1.2-1.5 g per kg /BW.
  • If you’re coaching extra, then it will be supreme to be between 1.2-2 g per kg/BW.

This increased vary can also be supreme in case you are doing endurance sports activities, have a standard weight or need to lose fats. [10]

If you wish to increase your endurance efficiency, you shouldn’t miss our article 11 of the Greatest Dietary Dietary supplements for Operating, Biking and Different Endurance Sports activities.

How much protein should you eat if you are an endurance athlete?

How a lot protein ought to pregnant ladies devour?

Protein is the fundamental constructing block of not solely muscle tissues but additionally cells in your physique. As well as, throughout being pregnant, the feminine physique is working to create one other organism, for which it once more wants “materials” and vitality. In line with the suggestions of the DACH (German-speaking Diet Society), there is not any want to extend protein consumption throughout the first trimester. Within the 2nd and third trimesters it’s then advisable to extend your protein consumption by roughly 20 g per day. [28]

How a lot protein ought to breastfeeding ladies devour?

Even throughout breastfeeding, it’s crucial to make sure a enough consumption of all of the macronutrients, together with protein. The manufacturing of breast milk (lactation) is a fancy course of that will increase the mom’s vitality expenditure. It’s reported that this may be as a lot as 500 kcal per day. Ideally, protein consumption needs to be maintained at round 1.5 g per kg/BW throughout breastfeeding. [6] [11-13]

How a lot protein ought to seniors eat?

With age, the quantity of muscle mass within the physique naturally decreases. This phenomenon is named sarcopenia (lack of muscle mass). As well as, the older physique has a barely more durable time digesting protein. Due to this fact, it’s advisable to eat sufficient and train to decelerate the lack of muscle mass as a lot as potential. Protein additionally helps to take care of wholesome bones. Thus, enough quantities of protein within the food plan may assist to some extent to forestall osteoporosis (thinning of the bones). Thus, generally, protein consumption for seniors needs to be within the vary of 1-2 g per kg/BW, relying on what their objective is. Ample protein consumption is among the components for wholesome ageing. [6,14,15]

  • A wholesome senior with a sedentary way of life ought to soak up 1-1.2 g per kg BW each day.
  • A senior with a long-term sickness ought to take 1.2-1.5 g per kg BW each day.
  • A senior who desires to drop some pounds ought to soak up 1.5-2.2 g per kg/BW per day.
  • A senior who desires to construct muscle mass ought to take 1.7-2.0 g per kg BW each day.

It is suggested to seek the advice of a doctor for protein consumption above 1.5 g per kg/BW. The incidence of impaired kidney perform is way increased within the aged and extreme protein consumption may unnecessarily exacerbate this well being drawback.

How much protein should seniors consume?

How a lot protein ought to vegans devour?

Common suggestions for protein consumption could fluctuate barely for vegans. Generally, plant-based protein sources have roughly 1/4 much less important amino acids, which aren’t in optimum proportions. As well as, plant proteins are much less simply absorbed, which is especially attributable to their antinutritional content material. Thus, the protein consumption of vegans needs to be roughly 20% increased than that of people that devour animal merchandise. [16][29]

Tips on how to get essentially the most out of plant sources of protein?

  1. Attempt probiotics. These will usually assist enhance the usability of plant proteins. [17]
  2. Improve your protein consumption by roughly 1/4. In case you would have used 30 g of whey protein, don’t be afraid to extend the serving dimension to 40 g.
  3. Mix totally different protein sources. Ideally, use legume sources along with cereals and even soy.
  4. Complement free important amino acids individually within the type of dietary supplements. Some plant protein sources are under-represented in sure amino acids (known as limiting amino acids). In cereals, the limiting amino acid is lysine, in legumes it’s methionine. Generally, leucine can also be under-represented in a vegan food plan. Nonetheless, you can too complement these amino acids via dietary supplements similar to l-methioninel-leucine and l-lysine on their very own. You’ll be able to facilitate their consumption straight with an EAA mix, which accommodates all important amino acids and can also be appropriate for vegans.
How much protein should vegans consume?

Uncover our bestsellers:

How a lot protein do you have to devour?

For higher readability, additionally, you will discover all of the necessary values on this desk. Consider them as a tenet primarily based on scientific research and take a look at for your self how a lot protein you will see that appropriate. [1-5][27-28]


Protein consumption in g per kg/BW per day

Common inhabitants with a sedentary way of life 0.8–1 g 
Energy-training athletes who’re constructing muscle 1.4–2.2 g 
Endurance athletes 1.2–2 g 
Athletes in crew sports activities 1.4–1.7 g 
Leisure athletes of regular weight who need to lose fats 1.6–2.4 g
Energy athletes who’re attempting to succeed in a low physique fats proportion 2.3-3.1 g protein per kg of fats free physique mass
People who find themselves obese or overweight 1.2–1.5 g 
Breastfeeding ladies 1.5 g 
Pregnant ladies within the 2nd and third trimesters, enhance consumption by 20 g per day
Throughout restoration after an damage 2 g
Seniors with a sedentary way of life 1–1.2 g
Seniors with a long-term sickness 1.2–1.5 g
Seniors on a food plan 1.5–2.2 g
Seniors who need to acquire muscle 1.7–2 g

Tips on how to share your protein consumption all through the day?

Upon getting established your optimum protein consumption, you might want to unfold it out over a number of parts per day. The variety of servings is as much as you, however in the end it’s how a lot you eat in a day that counts. Nonetheless, if you happen to have been to cowl your whole each day protein consumption in a single meal, you’d in all probability have a tough time and doubtless wouldn’t really feel effectively. As talked about above, you don’t have a reservoir of protein in your physique which you could faucet into once you want it. Due to this fact, from the viewpoint of stimulating new protein formation, it’s supreme to eat your each day consumption in a number of smaller parts.

For starters, there’s a easy lesson to recollect – the upper your protein consumption, the extra servings you must have in a day to take advantage of it and transfer you nearer to your objective. A slim lady who lives a sedentary way of life can simply meet her each day protein wants in, say, 3 servings a day. There has even been a research carried out on younger ladies and seniors who lived a sedentary way of life and ate 80% of their each day protein consumption in a single meal. The end result? It had no adverse impact on muscle mass. [18-19]

However it’s somewhat totally different for lively folks and athletes, particularly energy athletes. Extra servings spaced 3-5 hours aside will probably be extra useful for them by way of muscle progress. This brings you to the completely satisfied medium of three important meals and a couple of snacks.

Don’t know what meals to search out protein in? For recommendations on protein-packed sources, try our article Meals That Simply Add Protein to Your Weight loss plan.

How a lot protein do you have to devour in a single serving?

Protein portion sizes rely upon the overall quantity you’re alleged to eat in a day and in addition fluctuate by kind. Slower absorbing protein sources, similar to strong advanced meals, don’t oxidise as many amino acids as an vitality supply, so you possibly can have a bigger portion and the physique will use it effectively. On this case, a serving can have as little as 0.4-0.55 g of protein per kg/BW. [20-21]

For quicker absorbable protein sources, similar to high-quality whey protein, you will get by with a serving of 0.3-0.4 g per kg/BW. Nonetheless, if you wish to keep away from difficult calculations, persist with the extra common suggestion of 20-40 g of full protein. For instance, one scoop of protein falls into this vary. [20-21]

How a lot protein do you have to eat after a exercise?

Essentially the most essential serving of protein is commonly thought of to be the one you devour after train. It’s because it helps with the efficient restore of muscle tissues broken by coaching. And the earlier this restoration begins, the higher. The perfect is to drink a protein drink inside half-hour after train.

So, how a lot protein ought to that be?

As already talked about, the suitable dose is between 20-40 g.

  • You probably have exercised your complete physique intensively, it’s supreme to stay to the higher restrict, i.e. 40 g of full protein per serving.
  • Within the case that you’ve carried out lighter coaching centered on, for instance, simply the higher physique, an consumption of 20 g of protein for the typical girl and 30 g of protein for the typical man could also be enough. For vegans, this will once more be as much as ¼ extra.
How much protein should you eat after a workout?

Protein consumption all through the day

Publish-workout meals is one factor. However you shouldn’t neglect about protein in your different meals throughout the day both. Tips on how to go about it?

1. Begin the day with a hearty serving of protein

After an all-night quick, it’s supreme to offer the physique with protein very first thing within the morning, with which it continues to work on cell renewal and different necessary bodily processes.

Tips on how to add protein to your breakfast?

  • Select a protein-rich meal for breakfast or complement it with protein powder.
  • Eat cottage cheese, Skyr, Greek-style yoghurt and different protein-rich dairy merchandise.
  • Make an omelette, hard-boiled eggs or scrambled eggs. Liquid egg whites are additionally an ideal helper within the kitchen.
  • Bake your self some protein treats, maybe by utilizing our health recipes.

2. Embrace protein snacks

Now you can discover nice sources of protein virtually in every single place. And if you happen to don’t have a protein snack available, it’s simple to create one with only a few elements. You’ll be able to eat a protein snack at any time of the day – to combat starvation, fulfill cravings, earlier than coaching, after coaching, earlier than bedtime and, in brief, each time you might want to present your physique with high quality protein.

What can a balanced protein-rich snack appear to be?

What can a balanced protein-rich snack look like?

3. Tips on how to make sure to embrace sufficient protein in your important meal?

Everybody in all probability already is aware of {that a} important meal ought to include a portion of advanced carbohydrates, greens, fats and protein. It’s supreme to rotate the sources of those so that you’ve a different food plan and enough consumption of all of the amino acids.

Which protein sources do you have to embrace in your important meals?

Which protein sources should you include in your main meals?

4. How is it with having protein earlier than bedtime?

Possibly you’ve heard the time period nighttime protein or you’ve got somebody in your circle who commonly eats protein earlier than mattress. That is most frequently carried out by energy athletes who’re specific about each element and need to keep an elevated manufacturing of muscle protein in a single day. That is precisely what cottage cheese or the so-called evening protein, also called micellar casein, is right for.

Each of those protein sources have a excessive organic worth and stand out for his or her slower absorption, which is right throughout the evening if you find yourself hungry. Nonetheless, it’s completely essential to satisfy the overall each day protein requirement and solely then tweak these particulars, similar to timing and selection of particular protein sources.

For extra recommendations on what to eat after a exercise earlier than going to mattress, try our article 10 Recommendations on What to Eat After a Exercise When You Exercise Earlier than Mattress.

Can a excessive protein consumption be dangerous?

You will have questioned, with all of the discuss in regards to the significance of protein, whether or not a excessive protein consumption carries with it some dangers. Or perhaps you’ve even heard that prime protein consumption damages the kidneys, the liver, or maybe causes bone thinning? Let’s debunk the commonest myths related to a excessive protein consumption.

1. Delusion: Protein causes acidification within the physique

In line with this principle, extreme protein consumption ought to trigger acidity, which the physique tries to neutralise by increased calcium breakdown from the bones, which may negatively have an effect on their high quality. Nonetheless, no related research have confirmed this. Extreme protein consumption could result in increased urinary calcium excretion, however this has no impact on bone well being. The focus of calcium within the urine just isn’t associated to the quantity of calcium within the physique. There is no such thing as a have to fear about any decalcification. The elevated quantity of calcium excreted might be attributable to some extent to the simultaneous stimulation of calcium absorption from meals within the small gut. [22-23]

Conversely, there are research that point out the significance of protein for bone well being, as confirmed by the EFSA (European Meals Security Authority). Due to this fact, you definitely don’t have to fret about them on this respect. [24] [30] [31]

2. Delusion: Protein damages the kidneys and liver

There’s even a research that seemed intimately on the impact that elevated protein consumption has on the liver and kidneys. Over the course of 1 full yr, 14 strength-training respondents ingested protein on daily basis within the vary of 2.5-3.3 g per kg /BW. After one yr, there was no impact on the kidneys or blood lipid ranges in these males. The truth that the lads have been consuming extra energy via protein occurred and but there was no enhance in adipose tissue. [25]

If you’re bodily very lively and have a better protein consumption, it’s good to verify the situation of your kidneys, liver and total well being with common preventive check-ups and blood checks on the physician’s workplace.

3. Delusion: Protein makes you fats

The explanation you acquire weight is because of your way of life and total extreme calorie consumption. It will be slightly short-sighted responsible protein. In case your consumption is excessive, it doesn’t matter a lot which macronutrient the energy are from. It’s true, nevertheless, that via extremely processed meals you possibly can simply eat extra energy. This places you right into a caloric surplus, the place you soak up extra vitality than your physique can burn. The surplus vitality is then saved as fats.

Myth: Protein makes you fat

Tips on how to make your protein consumption simpler? Harness the facility of protein

You in all probability already know that everybody ought to take an curiosity of their protein consumption. On this context, we should after all point out the nice helpers within the type of varied proteins that may make your protein consumption a lot simpler. There is no such thing as a should be alarmed about them. They’re a concentrated supply made primarily from milk, or within the case of vegan proteins, for instance, from legumes or cereals.

  • If you’re not vegan, common whey focus would be the most suitable option for you by way of the price-performance ratio.
  • In case you’re on a aggressive bulking food plan and also you’re coping with each gram of macronutrients consumed, wager on whey isolate. That is additionally appropriate for many who are lactose illiberal.
  • For skilled athletes who need the quickest absorbable protein, there’s whey hydrolysate.
  • For vegans, a multi-source protein, that mixes protein from cereals and legumes is the only option, enhancing the general amino acid spectrum and thus the ultimate high quality of the protein.
  • Additionally in style amongst vegans is soy protein, which is normally cheaper than multi-source protein and most just like whey protein in its amino acid spectrum.
  • And there may be additionally a protein powder tailor-made to ladies’s wants, which is moreover enriched with fats burners.

Proteins and their utilization for athletes and non-athletes

If you say protein, many individuals in all probability consider the drink that energy athletes drink after their exercises. However that’s not its solely use. Due to its properties, it’s also appropriate for these with a sedentary way of life who need to eat a balanced food plan.

When to make use of protein?

  • once you need to add high quality protein to your common meals
  • within the preparation of candy desserts the place you need to enhance the protein content material (might be added to batters, lotions and frostings)
  • as a pre-workout drink in case you haven’t eaten for a while earlier than coaching
  • by itself as a post-workout drink to assist restoration 
  • as a snack in case you get hungry and don’t have time to arrange a meal 
  • previous to sleeping
  • each time you might want to up your protein consumption
When to use protein?

What do you have to keep in mind?

As you possibly can see, it’s not as difficult because it might sound with protein in spite of everything. Enough consumption needs to be a priority for everybody, and if you happen to’re exercising commonly or attempting to drop some pounds, they could be a useful gizmo that can assist you attain your objective. Though chances are you’ll come throughout totally different suggestions, the overwhelming majority of athletes are completely satisfied to stay to round 2g per kg/BW. Attempt to maintain your food plan different and embrace protein from a wide range of sources. That manner, you’ll cowl the ills of a much less beneficial amino acid spectrum, for instance, and might reap the utmost advantages.

Do you’ve got anybody amongst your pals who avoids protein or doesn’t tackle their protein consumption? Share our article with them to allow them to learn the way they can assist obtain extra than simply their health targets.


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[2] Chad M. Kerksick et al. – Worldwide society of sports activities diet place stand: nutrient timing –

[3] What Are Proteins and What Is Their Perform within the Physique? –

[4] John D Bosse et al. – Dietary protein to maximise resistance coaching: a evaluation and examination of protein unfold and alter theories –

[5] Eric R Helms et al. – A scientific evaluation of dietary protein throughout caloric restriction in resistance skilled lean athletes: a case for increased intakes –

[6] Optimum Protein Consumption Information –

[7] Kim J. et al. – Results of dietary protein consumption on physique composition adjustments after weight reduction in older adults: A scientific evaluation and meta-analysis. – –

[8] Westerterp-Plantenga, M. S., Lejeune et al. – Excessive protein consumption sustains weight upkeep after physique weight reduction in people. –

[9] Waliłko, E. et al. – Excessive-Protein or Low Glycemic Index Weight loss plan—Which Power-Restricted Weight loss plan Is Higher to Begin a Weight Loss Program? –

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[11] Compendium of Bodily Actions –

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[19] M A Arnal et al. – Protein feeding sample doesn’t have an effect on protein retention in younger ladies –

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[21] Daniel R Moore et al. – Ingested protein dose response of muscle and albumin protein synthesis after resistance train in younger males –

[22] Fenton, T. R. – Meta-analysis of the amount of calcium excretion related to the web acid excretion of the fashionable food plan beneath the acid-ash food plan speculation –

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[25] Jose Antonio et al. – A Excessive Protein Weight loss plan Has No Dangerous Results: A One-Yr Crossover Research in Resistance-Educated Males –

[26] Mandelová Lucie a Hrnčířová Iva, Základy výživy ve sportu. Brno: Masarykova univerzita

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[28] Protein –

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[30] EFSA units inhabitants reference intakes for protein –

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[33] Thomas M Longland et al. – Larger in contrast with decrease dietary protein throughout an vitality deficit mixed with intense train promotes higher lean mass acquire and fats mass loss: a randomized trial –

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